Addressing global public health challenges has been a major focus of, not only the United Nations’ 2000-2015 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), but the globally agreed upon 2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The COVID-19 pandemic has had major impacts on our communities and populations. It has contributed to 15 million global deaths in 2021/22, triggered a substantial rise in mental illness, stymied progress on universal health coverage, hampered progress against HIV, tuberculosis and malaria, and severely impacted the health workforce.
The Healthier Societies for Healthy Populations initiative, first launched in 2020, aims to develop a global system and policy research agenda to underpin efforts to promote healthy populations, global networking, and co-design. This initiative is driven by three organisations: the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research, the Government of Sweden, and the Wellcome Trust. Our Evidence Review Service (ERS) team was commissioned to rapidly review characteristics of government-led interventions to support healthier populations to identify success factors and barriers.
We conducted a rapid review of 169 relevant studies of five successful government-led interventions to support healthier communities:
We then proceeded with a two step approach to identify barriers and facilitators within and across the interventions by conducting one-on-one interviews with key leaders from these five successful public health initiatives.
We identified both facilitators and barriers for interventions that support healthier societies:
Findings from this review build a rich picture of key factors aiding or hindering public health efforts around the world. This starting portfolio of the five examples was designed to be built over time to deepen understanding of success factors and barriers to progress in this critical area.
Read the full publication in BMJ Global Health:
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